Formulation and evaluation of mucoadhesive microspheres of roxatidine acetate hydrochloride
Corresponding Author(s) : Shaik Arifa Begum
International Journal of Allied Medical Sciences and Clinical Research,
Vol. 4 No. 3 (2016): 2016 Volume 4- Issue -3
The intention of the present study is to formulate mucoadhesive microspheres containing roxatidine acetate hydrochloride by employing xanthan gum & gum olibanum as mucoadhesive agent and by adapting ionotropic gelation technique. Response Surface Composite design was employed to study the effect of independent variables, polymer concentration (X1), and sodium alginate concentration (X2) on dependent variables mucoadhesion time. The best batch exhibited a high drug entrapment efficiency of 95.01% and a swelling index of 96.23%; percentage mucoadhesion after 10 h was 97.01%. The drug release was also sustained for 12 h. The polymer-to-drug ratio had a more significant effect on the dependent variables. The prepared mucoadhesive microspheres were characterized for various properties like preformulation, flow properties, in vitro mucoadhesion, in vitro drug release, entrapment efficiency and surface properties. The external and internal surface morphological characteristics of mucoadhesive microspheres were investigated using Scanning Electron Microscope (SEM). The formulation which showed better flow properties, in vitro mucoadhesion, in vitro drug release and entrapment efficiency was selected as optimized formulation i.e., formulation MOG4. The in vitro release profiles from optimized formulations were applied on various release kinetic models of drug and suggested that the drug release from microspheres followed non-fickian diffusion. The optimized formulation MOG4 was subjected to stability studies for six months at 400±20C & 75±5%RH as per ICH guidelines and result have not showed any changes in physical parameters, formulation parameters and in vitro release studies.
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