Content Validation of a Questionnaire on Viewing Sexually Explicit Materials (SEM) Among Young Adult Filipinos
Corresponding Author(s) : Hamdoni K. Pangandaman
International Journal of Allied Medical Sciences and Clinical Research,
Vol. 9 No. 2 (2021): 2021 Volume - 9 Issue - 2
The richness of internet on multimedia has immense influence on mental health particularly the sexual behavior of the youth. Literature shared that risky sexual behavior induced by viewing of sexually explicit materials (SEM) is a factor of HIV (Human Immunodeficiency Virus) or AIDS (acquired immunodeficiency syndrome) statistics. This study validated relevant questions extracted from literature regarding viewing of sexually explicit materials (SEM) among young adult Filipinos. A process of tool validation through quantitative approach using Content Validity Ratio (CVR), Content Validity Index (CVI), and Modified Kappa Coefficient (K*) in the researchers made questionnaire with 19-items extracted from literature has been validated by 31 validators as experts in the respective fields of psychology, nursing, clinics, and academe. CVR result with PAE (Proportion Agreeing Essential = 0.677) greater than CVR critical exact value (0.355) shows that only 18-items are essential and 1-item deleted as non-essential. Subsequently, CVI result deemed that all 18-item are very relevant, very clear, very simple and the meaning is clear. Results of I-CVI and Modified Kappa Coefficient (K*) shows that 18-items are all appropriate (I-CVI= > 0.79) and Excellent (K* = >0.74). Thus, 18-items of the researcher made questionnaire are valid to assess and measure the young adult viewing of sexually explicit materials (SEM). It is highly recommended to further validate questionnaire using standardized methods such as exploratory factor analysis (EFA) and confirmatory factor analysis (CFA) to identify its dimensions as well as pilot testing using Cronbach’s Alpha Reliability coefficient.
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