Association between spirituality and spiritual well-being among displaced older adults in Marawi city
Corresponding Author(s) : Ashley A. Bangcola
International Journal of Allied Medical Sciences and Clinical Research,
Vol. 8 No. 4 (2020): 2020 Volume - 8 Issue-4
Geriatrics or advanced aging as one of the most vulnerable and affected population in a post-war conflict may have different spiritual inclination affecting their spirituality and spiritual well-being which is unique from the normally established developmental pathway of older adults. This study described the profile, spirituality and its association with spiritual well-being of older adults displaced in the evacuation centers as survivors of Marawi siege. A descriptive correlational technique was adopted and Raosoft sample size calculator yielded 97 older adults as sample participants which randomly stratified in the selected and densely populated evacuation centers in the Municipality of Saguiaran, Pantar, Balo-I, Maria Christina and Iligan City in Mindanao, Philippines. Data were collected through an adopted Spiritual Experience Index (SEI) and Spirituality Assessment Scale (SAS) questionnaire which then coded and analyzed using Microsoft Excel and IBM-SPSS computer software application. Result shows that most of the older adults’ married (60%) women (64%) at their late sixties (µ=68.1; sd=6.98) attained a strong level of spirituality (µ=5.26) and a fair spiritual well-being (µ=3.80). Based on Pearson r Correlation, there was a positive correlation between spirituality and spiritual wellbeing (p=.043). The study concluded that as spirituality of displaced older adult increases so does their spiritual well-being. Amidst challenges they encountered, spirituality is seemingly a strength for them despite normal physiological decline and social crisis. So, awareness of the importance of spirituality and spiritual well-being in caring for these group of people is necessary. Authorities are recommended to provide more comprehensive and appropriate care services to elderly patients and to dedicate programs and approaches to enhance spirituality and spiritual well-being.
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