Knowledge, attitude and practice towards emergency contraceptives among female students at college of art and social science of Adi keyh
Corresponding Author(s) : Lidia Ghirmai
International Journal of Allied Medical Sciences and Clinical Research,
Vol. 8 No. 3 (2020): 2020 Volume - 8 Issue-3
Emergency contraception refers to specific contraceptive methods that are used as emergency measures to prevent pregnancy after unprotected intercourse. Sexually active young women are at greater risk for unintended pregnancy which can lead to unsafe abortions and increase their risk of morbidity and mortality.
To assess the knowledge, attitude and practice of female college students towards emergency contraceptives in CASS (Adi keyh College of Arts and Social Sciences).
A descriptive cross-sectional quantitative study design was employed among female college students of CASS from October to January, 2018 on a total of 289 students selected through systematic random sampling. A structured questionnaire was used to generate a quantitative data. Mann-Whitney U, Kruskal-Wallis, t-test, ANOVA, and chi-square tests were used using SPSS (Version 22) for data analysis in this study.
The median level of knowledge on EC (Emergency Contraceptives) was 5/10 (IQR=1). The mean attitude score was 13.96/20 (SD=3.67). More than sixty percent (78.2%) were aware of emergency contraception. Correct timing of emergency contraception was addressed by 95.1% of the respondents. The majority (73.9%) of the respondents agreed with advising their friends to use EC (Emergency Contraceptives) whenever they face a problem. Only 7.3% of them used EC when needed. The most common method of EC used by students were EC pills (95.2%) and only 14.3% used Intrauterine device. Friends and peers were the main source of information (80.0%). The score of knowledge on EC was found to vary across the categories of age group (p=0.002), marital status (p=0.020), history of sexual intercourse (p=0.001), and age at first sexual intercourse (p=0.002). Attitude on EC scores also varied across the categories of religion (p=0.001), ethnicity (p=0.035), and history of sexul intercourse (p=0.007). Practice on EC was significantly associated with age group (p=0,048), marital status (p=0.007), mothers educational level (p=0.014), and history of sexual intercourse (p<0.001).
The level of knowledge, attitude and practice on EC of the students was not satisfactory. There is a need of raising the knowledge, attitude, and practice regarding EC to the young females and the community in general through collaborative effort of the ministries and mass media
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