Correlations between oral hygiene status with gingival status of pregnant women in denpasar city health center 2018
International Journal of Allied Medical Sciences and Clinical Research,
Vol. 8 No. 1 (2020): 2020 Volume 8- Issue -1
Pregnancy gingivitis is gingivitis that occurs in pregnant women. Gingivitis is caused by irritation of bacteria present in plaque and calculus. Plaque and calculus are indicators of poor oral hygiene. During pregnancy, the hormones estrogen and progesterone will increase which causes the gingival tissue to overreact to local irritants. This study aims to determine the relationship between the level of oral hygiene with the gingival status of pregnant women in the working area of Denpasar City Health Center in 2018.
This type of research is analytic correlation with cross-sectional approach, the sample is taken using accidental sampling technique with Chi-Square statistical test Subjects were 275 pregnant women who visited the Health Center in Denpasar City where the number of Health Center is 11.Quantitative data analysis was done univariately in the form frequency and percentage, as well as bivariate analysis with cross-tabulation and correlation tests conducted by Kolmogorov Smirnov data normality turned out to be p-value gingival status and OHI-S = 0.00 which means less than 0.05 which indicates that the two variables are not normally distributed, then for the correlation test for abnormal data used the Kendal Tau test.
Data analysis: Chi-square test with 95% confidence intervals (CI) and p> 0.5). Data analysis test in this study used the Chi-Square Test (X2) with a significance level of 95% (α = 0.05). The scale used in this study is the ordinal scale.
The results showed the level of oral hygiene of pregnant women in Denpasar City Health Center was mostly medium criteria 183 people (66.5%) and most of the pregnant women examined had gingivitis criteria mild gingivitis 234 people (85.1%), no some have severe gingivitis status. All pregnant women examined had gingivitis, both mothers with good levels of oral hygiene, while none were with poor criteria. It was also obtained the relationship between oral hygiene with gingival status r = 0, 386 with p = 0,000 (p <0.05). This means there is a moderate and positive relationship between oral hygiene (OHIS) and gingival disease (gingival status) in pregnant women who visit the Health Center working area of Denpasar City in 2018. It is recommended for pregnant women to always maintain the cleanliness and health of their oral cavity.
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