Nutrition for Optimal Health, Energy, and Longevity in old Age people
Corresponding Author(s) : Anusha dusetty
International Journal of Allied Medical Sciences and Clinical Research,
Vol. 2021 No. 9 (4): 2021 Volume - 9 Issue - 4
The over-sixties make up the fastest growing segment of the population in most countries. Although life expectancy has also increased dramatically over the last 100 years, this segment of the population is susceptible to many health risks from a poor diet. Evidence from various sources indicates that many older people fail to get the amounts and types of food necessary to meet essential energy and nutrient needs. There are numerous reasons why older people might not be getting the most nutritious diet Assessment of nutritional status is essential for preventing or maintaining a chronic disease and for healing . Knowing the causes of changing nutritional needs and dietary preferences is needed to understand a patient’s nutritional status . The nutrient requirements for older adults include increased in take of vitamins D, B12 and B6 and calcium. An old Age individual needs to balance energy intake with his or her level of physical activity to avoid storing excess body fat . Dietary practices and food choices are related to wellness and affect health, fitness, weight management, and the prevention of chronic diseases such as osteoporosis, cardiovascular diseases, cancer , and diabetes .the present Article Reviews the role of balanced Nutrition for old Age Persons.
Download CitationEndnote/Zotero/Mendeley (RIS)
2. World Population Prospects: the 2000 revision (medium variant). New York, United Nations,Population Division, 2001.
3. Johnson A E. et al., Fruit and vegetable consumption in later life. Age and Aging, 27(6): 723-728 1988
4. Meydani S N., Meydani M, Blumberg J B, Vitamin E supplementation and in vivo immune response in healthy elderly subjects. JAMA 1997; 277(17): 1380-6
5. Girodon F, Galan P, Monget A L, Impact of trace elements and vitamin supplementation on immunity and infections in institutionalized elderly patients. MIN.VIT.AOX. geriatric network. Arch.Intern.Med. 1999; 159(7); 784-54
6. Gibney M J, Macdonald, I A, Roche, H M, editors, Nutrition and Metabolism, Nutrition Society, Blackwell publishing, 2003
7. Freund-Levi Y, Eriksdotter-Jönhagen M, Cederholm T, et al.,Omega-3 Fatty Acid Treatment in 174 Patients With Mild to Moderate Alzheimer Disease: OmegAD Study: A Randomized Double-blind Trial, (Archives of Neurology, Vol. 63, pp. 1402–1408).
8. Park S, Johnson MA, What is an adequate dose of oral vitamin B12 in older people with poor vitamin B12 status?, Nutr Rev vol. 64 2006 Issue 8 pp. 373–8
9. Shahar D, Shai I, Vardi H, Fraser D, Dietary intake and eatingpatterns of elderly people in Israel: who is at nutritional risk? European Journal of Clinical Nutrition (2003) 57, 18–25
10. Jacsic, et al., Plasma proline kinetics and concentrations in young men in response to dietary proline deprivation, Am. J. Clin. Nutr., 1990, 52, 307–312
11. Vellas B J, Hunt W C, Romero L J, Koehler K M, Baumgartner R N, Garry P J, Changes in nutritional status and patterns of morbidity among free-living elderly persons: a ten-yearlongitudinal study. Nutrition 1997; 13: 515–519.
12. Janssen H C, et al. Vitamin D deficiency, muscle function,and falls in elderly people. Am J Clin Nutr. 2002 Apr; 75 (4): 611-5.
13. Richy et al. 2003 Structural and symptomatic efficacy of glucosamine and chondroitin in knee osteoarthritis: a comprehensive meta-analysis. Arch Intern Med. 163 (13): 1514–22.
14. Ameye L G, Chee W S S, 2006 Osteoarthritis and nutrition.From nutraceuticals to functional foods: a systematic reviewOf the scientific evidence. Arthritis Research Therapy, 8: R127
15. Bunout D, Barrera G, Hirsch, et al. Effects of a Nutritional Supplement on the Immune Response and Cytokine Production in Free-Living Chilean Elderly. Journal of Parenteral and Interal Nutr. 2004 Vol. 28, N 5. P 348–354