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  1. Immediate effect of vestibular exercise on blood pressure in healthy females Download Article

    CharishmaSaroj N, Kumar Sai Sailesh, Ravikanth Manyam
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (773-776)
    • No of Download = 43

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    Background Both animal and human studies reported that stimulation of vestibular system alleviates stress and regulates blood pressure. Vestibular stimulation was reported to modulate the blood pressure and respiration through brainstem inhibitory mechanisms. Objective The present study was undertaken to observe the immediate effect of vestibular exercises on blood pressure in healthy females. Methodology A total of thirty apparently healthy female participants were included in the study after obtaining the written informed consent. Those with serious complications, following any treatment or therapy and unwilling participants were excluded from the study. Blood pressure and heart rate was recorded using JSB fully automatic upper arm style Blood Pressure Monitor (Model: DBP05 digital arm BP monitor).After recording the baseline blood pressure, the participants were asked to performsix minutes of vestibular exercises according to the Cawthrone and Cooksey’s protocol which includes, walking in a straight line while looking sideways, throwing ball from one hand to the other by fixing gaze on the ball, walking straight and throwing ball from hand to hand by fixing gaze on the ball. Duration ofeach exercise was fixed for two minutes by trial and error method. Immediately after the exercise, blood pressure was recorded and compared. Results There was a decrease in systolic blood pressure followed by vestibular exercise. However, it was not statistically significant. There was a significant decrease (P<0.05) in diastolic blood pressure followed by vestibular exercise. Conclusions Significant decrease in the diastolic pressure but not systolic blood pressure was observed followed byvestibular exercise. We recommend further detailed studies in this area to understand the effect of vestibular exercises on blood pressure, which helps to recommend adoption of vestibular exercises in the management of hypertension.

  2. Audiovisual model as an effort to form a tooth brushing habit of elementary school students Download Article

    Wahyu Jati Dyah Utami, Diyah Fatmasari, Rasipin, Bedjo Santoso, Supriyana
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (777-783)
    • No of Download = 31

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    Background Tooth brushing programs that have been carried out in schools have not been able to change the brushing behavior of elementary school students, shown by OHI-S value = 1.3; DMF-T=1.09, def-t=1.78. Program improvement in behavioral aspects needs to be done to improve the dental health level of elementary school students. Behavioral changes are influenced by information. Information will be stored as much as 20% if delivered through visuals, 50% of the cost is delivered through audiovisual media and 70% if implemented in real practice. Research Objectives Analyze the effectiveness of the audiovisual media model on tooth brushing habits of schoolchildren Method Quasy experiment with pretest and posttest with control group design. The sample was divided into 2 groups, the audiovisual model in the intervention group, and the brushing program in the control group. The treatment was carried out for 21 days, the measurements were carried out pre-experiment, 25th and 35th days. Data were tested using the test freedman post hoc Wilcoxon, Man Whitney repeated, and Kruskal Results On the 25th-day measurement of significant changes in variable ways, long brushing teeth p<0.05. At the 35th day measurement, there was a significant change in the method variable, morning brushing teeth p<0.05. This model is effective against the formation of the habit of brushing teeth indicated by p<0.001. Conclusion The audiovisual model has the potential as an alternative to brush your teeth together in school so that it can be applied in the School Dental Health Business.

  3. Verrucous carcinoma – a case report Download Article

    Kriti Sareen, Anshuman Jamdade, Satyapal Yadav
    • Article Type: Case Report
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    • Pages (784-789)
    • No of Download = 19

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    Verrucous carcinoma is a rare warty variant of squamous cell carcinoma characterised by a predominantly exophytic growth.It commonly affect oral cavity with buccal mucosa being the commonest site affected .This form of cancer is often seen in those who chew tabacco or use snuff orally. It is mostly misdiagnosed by other benign lesions like verrucous leukoplakia , papilloma, verrucous hyperplasias of oral cavity .it is usually associated with premalignant lesions like leukoplakia,oral submucous fibrosis indicate “field cancerization” which can lead to multiple recurrences. henceforth early diagnosis and surgical excision with wide margins and appropriate reconstruction is necessary to optimaze the disease and final outcome. Here we are presenting a case of oral verrucous carcinoma associated with oral submucous fibrosis which was misdiagnosed earlier.

  4. Modification of problem-based learning and role play models to skills early detection of dental caries Download Article

    Karsum Udin, Lanny Sunarjo, Ari Suwondo, Bedjo Santoso, Diyah Fatmasari
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (790-794)
    • No of Download = 26

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    Background The UKGS program has been running since 1951 but the results have not been satisfactory, the results of the Basic Health Research show that the caries experience index in the 12 year age group (DMF-T) has increased from 0.91 in 2007 to 1.4 in 2013. early prevention of dental caries involves the participation of parents through training with modification of Problem Based Learning (PBL) and Role Play models Material and Methods Quasi-experiment with pretest-posttest with control group design. The independent variable of this study is the modification of PBL and Role Play and the dependent variable is the skill of early detection of dental caries. Data retrieval uses an observation sheet. The number of samples of 25 people as an intervention group received training using PBL and Role Play modification methods, 25 people received training with the lecture method as a control group. The analysis used univariate and bivariate. Results Training with modification of PBL and Role Play increased skill (0.001). This indicates that the value of p <0.05 means that there are significant differences before and after treatment. Conclusion Modification of Problem Based Learning and Role Play models effectively increases skills of early detection of dental caries

  5. The use of rule-based web information systems to increase knowledge about anemia in pregnant women Download Article

    Septika Yani Veronica, Melyana Nurul Widyawati, and Ari Suondo
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (795-798)
    • No of Download = 24

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    Anemia in pregnant women does not have a bad impact, good for the health of the mother and baby. The level of knowledge of pregnant women about anemia will greatly affect the condition of the mother in maintaining self-health in order to be free from anemia because knowledge will affect the health of the brain so that it does not contain anemia. The higher the level of knowledge of pregnant women about anemia, the less likely that pregnant women do not maintain their health conditions. Therefore, this paper uses an information system to increase knowledge in pregnant women. The use of this information system can be an effort to increase insight into the problem of anemia in pregnant women. The quasi-experimental method with pre-post-post with a control group. The number of samples was 20 respondents, then pretest was done in the second group and given freedom in the experimental group, the groups were then given using information systems, the control group used leaflets. Interventions were given for 14 days, on the 15th-day posttest was carried out in both groups. The results of this study indicate a significant speed between groups and controls at the level of knowledge (P-value = 0,000)

  6. Evaluation of anticancer potential of leaves of Ananas comosus Download Article

    Balasubramanian.S, Abinaya.M, Alagu Vadivambal.K, Anitha.D, Anitha.T, Sundar.C
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (799-803)
    • No of Download = 30

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    Leaves of Ananas comosus was evaluated earlier for number of activities except for its anticancer potential on HT29 cell line. The flavonoid enriched fraction [FEF] of hydro alcohol extract of leaves was evaluated for cytotoxicity by MTT assay method in HT 29 cell line. It was found to have remarkable cytotoxic effect which was proportionately increasing with increase in concentration.

  7. An uncommon case of stroke – Wallenberg syndrome Download Article

    NivedhaKumari, Mahendra Kumar K, Jagadeesan M, Nithyananthan P, Prasanna Karthik S, Kannan R
    • Article Type: Case Report
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    • Pages (804-806)
    • No of Download = 19

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    Wallenberg syndrome is also known as lateral medullary syndrome though a unusual cause of stroke, more common posterior circulation stroke. We report a 75 year old female diabetic and hypertensive who presented with giddiness and dysphagia. On examination she had numbness over the left half of face, loss of temperature sensation over the right side of the body with absent gag reflex with deviation of uvula to right. Initial work up of computed tomography of brain was normal, on detailed evaluation by MRI brain with MR angiogram showed an infarct in the left side of the medulla suggestive of Wallenberg’s syndrome. This case is to highlight the importance of detailed neurological examination and detailed evaluation by MRI, when posterior circulatory stroke is suspected.

  8. Factors Influencing Smoking Habits among the Students at College of Applied Medical Sciences, Al-Quwayiyah, Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia Download Article

    Farhan R. Khan; Bader S. Alotaibi, Jafar E. Jameela, Kadher Nivas Rafeek, Mamdouh H. Abdel-Ghaffar
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (807-814)
    • No of Download = 50

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    Smoking is one of the major health problems and its disease complications are increasing day by day. Smoking associated diseases claims life of one in 10 adults globally. By 2030, if this scenario will continue, smoking will kill one in six people. Tobacco smoking is a global epidemic. The World Health Organization has evaluated that tobacco and its concern products kill over 3.5 million people every year. The objective of this research study is to collect a base line data on the tobacco smoking habits of students at College of Applied Medical Sciences, Al-Quwayiyah, Shaqra University, Saudi Arabia. The age range of participating students was 18 to 28 years. An experimental design with common questionnaire, and simple random selection was carried out to 200 students. Out of 200 participants, 51(25.5%) were current smokers. The 18-28 years old age group showed the highest prevalence of smoking. Among the group of the participants most of were cigarette smokers having light smoking habits less than 10 cigarettes per day. They also smoke Moassel and Shisha casually per day. Survey shows that 71% of the current smokers are well aware and had knowledge about disease & hazards of smoking and 74% of them are willing to cease smoking due to its hazards. The conclusion of the research study was that the prevalence of smoking is one quarter among the students of Applied Medical College Sciences, Al-Quwayiyah, Shaqra University. Smoking habits were significantly higher among males (P<0.05) especially those over 19 years of age and whose fathers are smokers.

  9. Effectiveness of planned teaching programme on knowledge regarding suicidal behavior and its management among PUC students of selected PUC colleges at Vijayapur Download Article

    Amitkumar Biradar, Prashant Kulkarni, Ravikumar Metri, Shreekant Savakar
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (815-822)
    • No of Download = 18

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    Background Knowledge of suicidal behaviour and its management among PUC students is believed to be an important determinant of health seeking behaviour as well as adherence to preventive measures. Aims and objectives The study aims at assessing the effectiveness of planned teaching programme on suicidal behavior and its management among PUC students at selected PUC colleges at Vijayapur Materials and Methods A pre experimental one group pre test post-test research design was used for the study. The knowledge of the subjects were determined using a structured knowledge questionnaire. The Planned teaching programme was administered on the same day. The conceptual frame work is based on General system theory. A post test was conducted to determine the knowledge of the subjects on the seventh day by using the same questionnaire which was conducted in selected College of Vijayapur. 80 PUC students were selected using a convenient sampling technique. Results In this study out of 80 samples 34 (42.50%) of them were the age group of 17 years, 40 (50%) of the respondents were male and remaining 40 (50%) of the respondents were female, 38(47.5%) of students are stressful with After school activity, 64 (80%) of students are not having any family history of suicide. The study revealed that 80 (100%) of students never thought and have not attempted suicide. The analysis of mean of the knowledge scores in pre test and post test revealed that the mean pre test knowledge score was 13.07 where as post test knowledge score was 25.91. The mean difference was (12.84) and it shows there is significant difference between pre test and post test after giving planned teaching programme. Conclusion The findings of the study support that Planned teaching programme was effective in increasing the knowledge regarding suicidal behavior and its management among students.

  10. Oral health related quality of life: a review Download Article

    Dr Jagdishchandra Vathar, Dr Harshal Bafna, Dr Minal Kshirsagar, Dr Suryakant Powar, Dr Sandhya Naik
    • Article Type: Review Article
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    • Pages (823-826)
    • No of Download = 14

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    The concept of oral health related quality of life is a relatively new field of research, which examines the functional, social and economic consequences of oral conditions on daily life and well-being. It is now considered as an essential component of assessing oral health of individuals and populations and also outcomes of health care. Several dental researchers have developed measures to assess the effects of oral disorders on the functional, social and psychological well-being. The significant lack of and need for social indicators and a comprehensive approach to measuring the social and psychologic impacts of dental disease has been highlighted in several recent reports.

  11. Antibacterial analysis of Ocimum sanctum mediated silver and copper nanoparticles Download Article

    Pramila M, Prabhusaran N, Meenakshisundaram M, Prabhakar YK, Lalithambigai J, Karthik P
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (827-837)
    • No of Download = 16

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    Background and Aim Synthesis and development of newer antimicrobials are necessary to overcome the emerging and re-emerging infectious diseases. To evaluate the in vitro antibacterial activity of the Ocimum sanctum mediated silver and copper nanoparticles. Methods and Results The aqueous solution of the silver and copper, and crude extract of O. sanctum was evaluated. The color change, uv spectra, scanning electron imaging, atomic force microscopic and x-ray diffraction determinations, pH, nitrate and sulphate reductase assay were assessed for O. sanctum mediated silver (Ag-O.s) and copper (Cu-O.s) nanoparticles and finally in vitro anti-bacterial activity was performed. Copper is very effective than silver with maximum inhibition of 20mm against Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae and Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Further, the characterization of Ag-O.s and Cu-O.s nanoparticles revealed that the color change to dark brown and bluish tinge; pH upto 5 and 6 respectively. The SEI revealed of Ag-O.s and Cu-O.s as 15nm and 26nm; XRD as crystalline cubic lattice with 41.6nm and polycrystalline wurtzite with 69.2nm respectively. The AFM detected with 71 clusters with 12mm size of each and 48nm distance between two clusters, 177 particles were counted in one cluster whose size is 63nm with the peak height of 130nm for Cu-O.s. Bactericidal nature of Cu-O.s and Ag-O.s showed better results against Pseudomonas aeruginosa, E. coli etc. Conclusion The herbal mediated silver and copper materials were proved as nanoparticles and have effective bactericidal nature compared to the crude activity of herbs and metals.

  12. Measurement of Malondialdehyde (MDA) as a good Indicator of Lipid Peroxidation Download Article

    Rahayu Yekti, Agussalim Bukhari, Nurhaedar Jafar, Abdul Razak Thaha
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (838-840)
    • No of Download = 11

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    Redox homeostasis distruptions play a role in pathological conditions. Many compounds such as hydrogen peroxide are mediators and stimulate oxidative stress. Lipids as the main component of the cellular membrane play a role in maintaining cell structure integrity. The main target lipids of ROS attacks such as oxygen free radicals and lipid oxidation are associated with various pathological conditions. Malondialdehyde (MDA) is the result of lipid peroxidation, which is produced from damage to polyunsaturated fatty acids. MDA is a good indicator of lipid peroxidation.

  13. Gender and factors associated for crime among prison inmates at a central jail in north India Download Article

    Navpreet, Paramjeet Kaur, Gurmeet Singh, Anupama Dhiman
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (841-848)
    • No of Download = 12

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    Background and Aims There is an increase in number of prison population over past few years. The nature of crime relates to social and economic conditions of society. To study socio-demographic factors associated with crime of prison inmates at a Central Jail in north India according to gender. Methods and Results The cross-sectional point prevalence study was conducted at Central Jail, Patiala, Punjab (India) from August 2007 to July 2008. Two hundred male inmates from different categories of crime after stratification and all sixty-five female inmates were included. The inmates were interviewed by using a pre-designed pre-tested questionnaire regarding factors associated with crime. Descriptive analysis was done, and Chi-square test was used as test of significance. There was significant difference found between educational status (p=0.00), occupational status (p=0.00), marital status (p=0.00), history of any untoward happening during childhood (p=0.00), history of conflict between family members (p=0.02) and history of alcohol/substance intake (p=0.00) of female inmates vis-à-vis male inmates. Rest of the factors were not found to be significantly different among female and male inmates. Conclusion: Factors for crime among female inmates were not much different from male inmates except for their level of education, level of occupation, marital status and family-related factors which makes female more vulnerable towards crime.

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