Articles

  1. Effect of plyometric training on speed, power and agility in adolescents playing basketball Download Article

    Sharvari Chikhalkar, Dr. Sukhada Ghodey (PT), Dr. Snehal Ghodey (PT)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (223-231)
    • No of Download = 136

    Abstract

    close

    Background and Aims This study was done to see the effect of plyometric training on adolescents playing basketball on their power, speed and agility after them performing their normal routine. In adolescents power, speed and agility is usually not as good as the elite players, exactly why it leads to various injuries. Plyometric Training has been shown to improve Speed, Power and Agility in Elite players. Methods 30 Participants were included for this experimental study in the age group 15-17 years, males and females and were randomly divided into 2 groups (n=15); Experimental and Control, the control group performed their normal routine and the experimental group performed their normal routine followed by a set plyometric exercises for 6 weeks, thrice a week. The Pre and Post outcome measures used were Lane Agility Drill Test, 3/4th Court Sprint Test and Standing Vertical Jump Test. Results There was an improvement in the Lane Agility Drill Test timing with a p-value of 2.68848E-05, also in the 3/4th Court Sprint Test with a p-value of 0.00389 but not much improvement in the Vertical Jump Test with a p-value of 0.614 in the Experimental Group for all the 3 tests

  2. Prevalence of foot drop in lumbar degenerative disease Download Article

    Nausheen Sajid Khan, Dr.Neha Ingale, and Dr. Sachin Chaudhary, Nikhil Patil
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (232-241)
    • No of Download = 101

    Abstract

    close

    The purpose of this study is to find out prevalence of foot drop in lumbar degenerative disease. 100 patients suffering from lumbar degenerative disease were included in the study between age group of 25-55 years from both genders. The medical research council scale was used, to evaluate the strength of tibialis anterior muscle by performing manual muscle test. Data was collected and Statistical Analysis was done by calculating its mean. In this study The Prevalence of Foot Drop in Lumbar Degenerative Disease was 8% and found out that most of the foot drop patient resulted from ignored cases of Lumbar Spinal Stenosis and Prolapse Intervertrebral Disc out of which most of them were males with farming occupation and most of them suffer unilaterally

  3. To study pulmonary function in traffic and city police of Jalgaon city Download Article

    Suchandra Chandankar, Sachin Chaudhari, Milind Kahile and Nikhil Patil
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (242-248)
    • No of Download = 106

    Abstract

    close

    The purpose of this study is to check pulmonary function in traffic and city police of jalgaon city. 120 policemen were selected in the study with age group 30 to 60 years with minimum 5 years of experience for duration of 5 months. PEFR and chest expansion was evaluated for each policemen and was analysed with paired ‘t’ test. Conclusion: Difference in PEFR and Chest Expansion was statistically significant. According to the study Traffic police is more affected than city police because of pollution.

  4. Correlation between abdominal muscle strength and pulmonary function in subjects with low back pain Download Article

    PranitaBhavsar (Intern), Dr SachinChaudhary (PT), Dr. PriyaDeshmukh (PT), Dr. Milind Kahile
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (249-255)
    • No of Download = 100

    Abstract

    close

    Low back pain is a broad term encompassing pain, muscle tension, or stiffness localized below the costal margin and above the inferior gluteal folds. Reviewing of previous studies shows that low back pain is partly caused by weak abdominal muscles. Developing strong abdominal muscles may help prevent back pain by making individual less prone to back injuries. Few studies have been done to find out the relation between expiratory muscle and pulmonary function. Pulmonary function test provide the clinician with information about integrity of the airways. Pulmonary disease are classified into 3 basic categories; Obstructive, Restrictive, Combined. To diagnose the respective pulmonary condition Forced Vital Capacity (FVC), Forced Expiratory Volume in One sec. (FEV1) Peak Expiratory Flow Rate (PEFR), “Curl up” was examined. Observational study was carried out with 60 samples by using convenient sampling in the duration of 6 months at Dr.UlhasPatil College of Physiotherapy. After ethical committee consideration Subjects were enrolled according to selection criteria. With respect to the objective mentioned there is no correlation between Abdominal Muscle Strength and FEV1/FVC, as the r value is 0.04 and the P value was 0.72. It suggested that abdominal strengthening may help in good pulmonary function and may assist the ventilatory process along with maximum forceful exhalation with correct breathing techniques and posture.

  5. The effect of neural tissue mobilisation performed simultaneously with mechanical cervical traction on pain disability and functions of patients with chronic cervical radiculopathy Download Article

    Suresh Patel, Dr. Snehal Ghodey (PT)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (256-268)
    • No of Download = 105

    Abstract

    close

    Background and aim Cervical radiculopathy is a disorder involving dysfunction of cervical nerve roots that commonly manifests as pain radiating from the neck into the distribution of the affected root. Mechanical traction expands the space between the vertebrae, increases the movement of the joints and stretches the muscle and ligaments around the vertebrae. Neural mobilisation is interventions aimed at affecting the neural structures or surrounding tissue (interface) directly or indirectly through manual techniques or exercises.The analgesic action of cervical traction and neural tissue mobilisations has been explored and recognized in many RCT studies and analyzed in systematic reviews, the effect of both modalities applied simultaneously has not been previously investigated. Therefore the need of this study is to present the effect of simultaneous application of cervical traction with neural mobilization on pain and disability in patient experiencing chronic cervical radiculopathy and observe any enhanced effect. Methodology An experimental study was carried out wherein 30 individuals selected by simple random sampling positive for signs and symptoms of chronic cervical radiculopathy of median nerve (Positive spurling’s test/Distraction test and Upper limb tension test positive for median nerve or a combination of these).Experimental group was given mechanical traction and neural mobilisation simultaneously and control group separately. Both were given other conventional treatment. The interventions were for 6 consecutive days and Numerical Pain Rating Scale, Neck Disability Index and Patient Specific Functional Scale were taken pre and post intervention. Result and conclusion The study suggests that there is statistically significant difference for reduction in pain, neck disability and improvement in patient's functions in both groups pre and post treatment. It also suggests that there is statistical significant difference in improvement in neck disability and patient's functions in experimental group than the control group but equally effective in alleviation of pain.

  6. Comparision of nerve flossing and conventional therapy with only conventional therapy for sciatica Download Article

    Darshana D. Chaudhary, Neha Ingale, Kalyani Nagulkar
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (269-276)
    • No of Download = 123

    Abstract

    close

    Background Sciatica is one of the most common painful and disabling conditions affecting about 40% of low back pain cases and 1.6% - 43% of adult population annually. Many conventional physiotherapeutic modalities have been used to manage sciatica but the effect of Nerve Flossing Technique (NFT), which is a cost effective treatment option in the management of acute sciatica is yet to be investigated. Aim This study was therefore conducted to compression of nerve flossing and conventional therapy with only conventional therapy for sciatica. Methods A pretest-posttest control experimental design, involving 30 participants from DR. Ulhas patil college and hospital, with sciatica were randomly assigned into two groups; Group A (control group) received only Conventional Physiotherapy that is traction and TENS and group B (Experimental group ) received NFT in addition with Conventional Physiotherapy. The outcome of the study was assessed using visual analogue scale (VAS) and Straight Leg Raise (SLR). Results The result of this study revealed the experimental group had significant (P<0.01) improvement in both outcome measures when compared to the control group. Conclusion Nerve Flossing Technique reduced sciatica and improved hip range of motion hence can be utilized in the treatment of patient with sciatica.

  7. To compare the immediate effect of PRT vs tens on pain in trapezitis Download Article

    Juhi Ramteke, Jaywant Nagulkar, Khadija Dhrolia and Arpita Rathod
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (277-285)
    • No of Download = 131

    Abstract

    close

    Aim The purpose of this study is to find the comparison between immediate effect of Positional Release Technique Vs TENS on pain in Trapezitis. Objectives- To determine effect of PRT & TENS on upper trapezitis. To find out whether the application of Positional Release Therapy alone can reduce pain and improve function in patients with trapezitis. To find out the immediate effect of high frequency (conventional TENS) in pain reduction in patient with upper trapezitis. Conclusion The result of this study showed that Prt and tens both are beneficial in reducing pain in patients with trapezitis . Although Prt is more effective than tens in reducing pain in trapezitis as compare to TENS.

  8. Prevalence of low back pain in postnatal mothers who have undergone LSCS Download Article

    Manoj Pachore, Milind Kahile and Jaywant Nagulkar, Nikhil Patil
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (286-290)
    • No of Download = 98

    Abstract

    close

    The purpose of this study is to find prevalence of low back pain in postnatal mothers who have undergone LSCS. Retrospective study was carried out in Dr. Ulhas Patil Medical College & Hospital with 100 patient who undergone LSCS. Postnatal mothers who are in normal vaginal delivery were excluded from the study. Oswestry low back scale was use to find low back pain and prevalence was calculated. Conclusion incidence of low back pain is much greater in post pregnant females. Based on type of pregnancy C-section reported higher incidence.

  9. To compare effect of dual task training on treadmil v/s conventional balance exercises on balance and risk of fall in the elderly community dwellers Download Article

    Lai Pathak, Dr. Anuradha Sutar (PT) and Dr. Snehal Ghodey(PT)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (291-300)
    • No of Download = 93

    Abstract

    close

    Background and Aims This study is to see how effective dual task training on treadmill on balance and risk of fall is and to compare its effectiveness with conventional balance exercises. In geriatric population, balance is the most commonly affected due to age related changes in the brain. Also they experience falls or build fear for it due lack of coordination and strength, therefore, loss of balance. Since dual task on treadmill will help in improving co-ordination as motor and cognitive tasks are involved, it can be used to improve balance. As doing our daily chores includes dual tasking every time, following study is undertaken on geriatric population as they are most prone for falls. Method A comparative study was done on 30 individuals of Talegaon Dabhade (age 65 and above) which were divided into two groups by simple random sampling. In experimental group 15 individuals were given dual task training on treadmill for 6 weeks in 18 sessions (3times/week). The control group of 15 individual was given conventional balance exercise. Pre and post outcome measures were taken on BBS, DGI and MFES. Results The scores increased more in experimental group than control group in BBS with p value of 0.0293, in DGI p value of 0.0001 and in MFES p value of 0.0285 which are statistically significant. Therefore, in this study we can say that dual task training on treadmill is more effective than balance exercises.

  10. A review on concept of Body Donation and Ayurveda Prospective Download Article

    Dr. Pradnya Gondane, M.D. (Ayu.) Rachana Sharir
    • Article Type: Review Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (301-303)
    • No of Download = 100

    Abstract

    close

    Body donation is the donation of whole body after death for medical research and education purpose.The body donation is honourable and gracious act which helps society in many ways. Voluntary Body Donation is a program wherein the general population can will their bodies to serve the purpose of medical education and scientific studies. Any individual can donate the body and any hospital/medical institution approved by state government can accept the body for medical education and research. There has been lot of resistance towards body donation. For the creation of awareness we need help of NGOs to organize the body donation Camps.

  11. Effect of mat pilates on fatigue level and quality of life in post-mastectomy women a case series Download Article

    Chaitali P. Kadam, Dr. Anuradha Sutar (PT), Dr. Snehal Ghodey (PT)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (304-312)
    • No of Download = 90

    Abstract

    close

    Background and aims The purpose of the study was to find out the effect of mat Pilates on fatigue level and quality of life in post-mastectomy women. Cancer itself and its treatment like surgery, chemotherapy and radiotherapy leads to fatigue which eventually deteriorates the quality of life of cancer patients. Pilates being a low-intensity exercise intervention has been known to improve stability and balance in muscles improve mood and rejuvenates body. Thus it helps to alleviate fatigue and hence improve quality of life. Methods An experimental study was carried on 5 cases selected by purposive random sampling. Mat Pilates was administered for 3 weeks, 6 days/week. Outcome measures used were Brief Fatigue Inventory and European Organization of Research and treatment for cancer Quality of life questionnaire. C-30. Results There was a decrease in fatigue level and improvement in every domain of quality of life in all the 5 post-mastectomy women

  12. To study the added effect of modified dynamic core stability plank exercise program on diastasis recti abdominis closure and pelvic floor disability :a pilot study Download Article

    Cherry Pereira, Dr. Anuradha Sutar (PT), Dr. Snehal Ghodey (PT)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (313-320)
    • No of Download = 100

    Abstract

    close

    Background and Aim During and after pregnancy, many women experience an increase in the inter-recti abdominal muscle due to stretching and thinning of the linea alba. Because of the synergistic relationship between the pelvic floor and abdominal muscles, a decrease in abdominal muscle function associated with DRA could affect the performance of the pelvic floor musculature. Aim was to study the added effects of a modified dynamic core stability plank exercise program on diastasis recti abdominis (DRA) closure and pelvic floor disability. Materials Required Digital nylon caliper, Pen, Measuring tape, Pelvic floor disability index, Towel, Plinth. Methodology An experimental study was carried out among 16 females (8 in each group), which were selected according to the inclusion and exclusion criteria. Each participant completed pre and post-test caliper measurements for DRA and pelvic floor disability index questionnaire. The intervention was given for 6 weeks (3 times/week). Results and Conclusion There was an extremely significant difference at the level of umbilicus and 4.5cm above the level of umbilicus seen post treatment, with the experimental group showing greater closure after treatment compared to the control group. The PFDI scores also showed significant improvement post treatment in both the groups.

  13. Prevalence of burnout syndrome among physiotherapists in Jalgaon Download Article

    Needa Khan, Jaywant Nagulkar, Khadija Dhrolia, Darshana Chaudhary
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (321-329)
    • No of Download = 82

    Abstract

    close

    Background Burnout is more often experienced by those working with people who are ill, upset and anxious about their conditions and its complications. This group includes medical doctors , nurses, psychologists, social workers and physiotherapists. Risk Factors for Burnout includes high work related demands, having little control over the outcomes of work, young age and female sex. Other important causes includes lack of autonomy , an excessive load of tasks and responsibility, lack of feedback on the roles one fulfills and lack of support and help from the employers. Aim To study the prevalence of burnout syndrome among physiotherapists. Methods An observational study, involving 100 participant from Dr. ulhas patil college of physiotherapy and other private p[hysiotherapy centres in Jalgaon district.and a study duration of 1 year. Result The result of this study revealed that the Prevalence of Burnout Syndrome among Physiotherapists practicing in Jalgaon is found to be 40% which suggests Moderately High Burnout prevalence among Physiotherapists in Jalgaon. Conclusion The study confirms that Physiotherapists, similarly to other employees in Health Services, may be exposed to Professional Burnout. It is difficult to accurately estimate the severity of the Burnout Phenomenon. Therefore it seems necessary to carry out further investigations in order to recognize the Environmental and Psychological Determinants of this complex phenomenon on Physiotherapy professionals.

  14. Prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in obesity Download Article

    Dr. Aishwarya Kanhere, Dr. Nigar Shikalgar (PT), Dr. Snehal Ghodey (PT)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (330-334)
    • No of Download = 69

    Abstract

    close

    Background and aim Overweight and obesity are increasing in India. Obesity is nowadays the most common metabolic disease in the world. According to WHO, epidemic size posing a key health problem in developed and developing countries. In epidemiological studies, it is clear that more body weight that affects all diseases of the musculoskeletal system, such as osteoarthritis, metabolic diseases, such as osteoporosis, gout, connective tissue diseases – rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, rare diseases like idiopathic hyperostosis, or rarely diagnosed as fibromyalgia. This study was designed to identify the prevalence of musculoskeletal symptoms in individuals with obesity. Methodology Cross-sectional study with simple random sampling. Both the genders male and female involved with sample size 100. Demographic information and clinical evaluation was obtained from questionnaire. Results were obtained on the basis of graphs and analysis of the data was done. Results and conclusion Total, 100 subjects were assessed, of which 56 were female and 44 were male. Mean age of the subjects was 38 years and mean body-mass index was 33.88 kg/m2. All subjects had musculoskeletal pain in at least one anatomical region. Anatomical regions by pain affected were the knees, lower back and ankles and feet, wrist/hands/fingers. In conclusion, showed that there is a high prevalence of musculoskeletal in obese people.

  15. Evaluation of pharmacognostical, preliminary phytochemical studies on the whole plant of vanda tessellata (roxb) hook Download Article

    M Rajan, Srustika R D, Rashmi B, Praveen B S, Zeim
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (335-344)
    • No of Download = 76

    Abstract

    close

    In the present study, an attempt was made to investigate pharmacognostiacal and preliminary phytochemical studies on the whole plant of vanda tessellate (Roxb) Hook (Orchidaceae). The Macroscopical, microscopical and phytochemical studies have been carried out on the whole plant Characteristic pharmacognostic features of the plant observed were presence of Lamina, vascular bundle, scleroids, xylem , phloem etc are in T S of leaf. In root consists of cortex, endodermis, vascular cylinder sclerenchyma, endodermis, pith . Quantitative evaluations were also carried out. The Total ash value, water soluble ash value, acid insoluble ash value, sulphated ash value, loss on drying. The presence of phytochemical constituents in the extract was alkaloids, glycosides, steroids, carbohydrates, fats, lignin and flavonoids.

  16. Cytomorphometric evaluation of buccal mucosa in tobacco chewers Download Article

    Arpita Gupta, Seema Gupta, Rachna Agrawal, Sunny Yadav, Manish Kumar Singhal, Rajesh Kumar Suri
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (345-351)
    • No of Download = 80

    Abstract

    close

    Objective This study was done to compare cytomorphometrical parameters of the buccal mucosal cells of tobacco chewers and non-chewers by non-invasive painless method. Study design We measured and compared nuclear diameter (ND), cellular diameter (CD) and nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio (ND:CD) in the buccal mucosal cells of controls (Group A n=40) and cases (Group B n=40). Results The mean nuclear diameter (in µm) of controls and cases was 7.6057±0.85434 and 10.2438±1.2453 respectively (p<0.001). The mean cellular diameter (in µm) of controls and cases was 68.8247±4.41425 and 53.3243±3.70648 respectively (p<0.001). The ratio of mean nuclear diameter and mean cellular diameter of controls and cases was 0.111±0.01236 and 0.194±0.03095 respectively (p<0.001). On application of Unpaired‘t’ test, significant increase in nuclear diameter, significant decrease in cellular diameter and significant increase in nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio was observed in tobacco chewers as compared to tobacco non-chewers. Conclusion Changes in nuclear diameter and cellular diameter i.e. increase in nuclear diameter, decrease in cellular diameter and increase in nucleo-cytoplasmic ratio may be the earliest changes observed in buccal mucosal cells of cases chewing tobacco as compare to controls not chewing tobacco. This information may help in diagnosing the dysplasia and oral squamous cell carcinoma at early stage and monitoring its recurrence and follow-up.

  17. A prospective observational study of urinary incontinence in hemiplegia and prostate cancer patients with treatment regimen Download Article

    Dr. Kanamala Arun Chand Roby, Dr. Kudipudi Harinadha Baba, Sandireddy Nikhil Reddy, Bandela. Sandeep, Bathini. Srinivas, Mukkera. Ajay Yadav
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (352-363)
    • No of Download = 76

    Abstract

    close

    Urinary incontinence is a condition in which urgency of urine takes place without any intimation in a condition with effects of stroke, epilepsy, prostate cancer and often makes a sense which results in cause of depression and psychiatric illness. Renal incontinence occurred unknowingly to the person and leads to severe infections; it’s also a type of disease known as bed wetting. Materials and methods Study design Our study was hospital based prospective observational study conducted in tertiary care hospital. Study procedure The study was done by collecting information by using patient case sheets, based on the data a questionnaire is prepared according to the guidelines of WHO and HRQOL. Nearly data of 72 patients were included in the study with all the details of past medical history and the treatment regimen and laboratory parameters with frequency are collected. Sampling method All the patients of age above 36-70 years are included in the study with renal incontinence as a major condition. Study duration The duration of the study was 11 months from September 2016 to August 2017. Study materials Patient consent form Consent was collected by using self designed patient consent form and consent was made into three languages (English, Telugu and Hindi). Ethical approval The study was approved by institutional ethical committee and tertiary care hospital. Data analysis A data was analyzed by demographic details, reason for admission, duration of therapy, causes of renal incontinence, side effects and complications with therapies and therapy outcome with laboratory parameters was analyzed by using different statical software’s and the result was summarized. Results Out of 81patients 72 patients are willing to give the information regarding the condition out of which 18 females, 54 males are included in the study with a mean age of 22-60 years and suffered with Hemiplegia, seizures and prostate cancer (prostatomegaly) and the treatment regimen was tabulated as below. Discussion Out of 72 patients who are suffering with renal incontinence are of age group 22-60 and both sexes with secondary education level and nutritional level of mostly average. The reasons for admission in the hospital are due to Hemiplegia and diabetes mellitus. The duration of renal incontinence is higher in below 3 years. The classes of drugs prescribed for renal incontinence are mostly anticholinergics and alpha blockers. The complications are mostly due to hemiplegic drugs and urinary tract infections, the treatment for renal incontinence is Darifencin and all the laboratory parameters and therapies, counseling aids was analyzed and discussed. Conclusion Our study concluded that the people suffer with renal incontinence is due to Hemiplegia, prostate cancer and seizures. The condition is mainly due to drugs used for Hemiplegia. The side effects, complications and surgeries cannot show any effect. The main stay is to counsel the patient and take measures to overcome renal incontinence. The physician should know the exact cause of renal incontinence before providing the treatment. As we are the clinical pharmacist we should give the detail description of the condition to maintain the life better to overcome renal incontinence.

  18. Anxiety and depression levels in obese college going students Download Article

    Sai P.Dhamangaonkar, Dr. Sneha Ghuman (PT), Dr. Varoon Jaiswal (PT) and Dr. Snehal Ghodey (PT)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (364-368)
    • No of Download = 63

    Abstract

    close

    This study was carried out to find out anxiety and depression level in obese college going students. This study was conducted on 70 subjects .The DASS Questionnaire was given to all the subjects. This questionnaire contains 42 symptoms divided into depression scale, anxiety scale and stress scale .Subjects were asked to rate their symptoms according to 4 point severity scale provided in the DASS Questionnaire. The patients were classified according to DASS questionnaire scoring. Data analysis suggested, there is significant variations seen in anxiety and depression level than stress level in obese students.

  19. Effect of manual therapy & kinesiotaping on pain, ankle range of motion (ROM) & function in plantar fasciitis: a comparative study Download Article

    Padmavati A. Degaonkar, Dr. Archana Bodhale, Dr. Snehal Ghodey
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (369-375)
    • No of Download = 65

    Abstract

    close

    Background & Purpose It has been estimated that plantar fasciitis affects as much as 10% of the general population over the course of a lifetime. This study will help to explain the comparison between effect of kinesiotaping & effect of manual therapy. The aim is to find out which technique shows early effect. Method Total 48 patients were screened from which 30 patients were in inclusion criteria. The patients were randomly divided into two groups Group A & B. Group A was treated with kinesiotaping & Group B was treated with manual therapy (Maitland mobilization). The conventional treatment includes ice pack, intrinsic muscle strengthening, stretching of gastrocnemius, soleus, tendoachilles, plantar fascia was given to both the groups. Results Wilcoxon signed rank test was used to examine changes within same group which shows p value for pain group A (p= <0.0001) & group B (p= < 0.0001) & for function group A (p= 0.0001) & group B (p=0.0010) i.e. statistically significant. Mann-Whitney U test was used to examine changes between two groups which shows p value for pain & function (p= 0.0865), (p= 0.7398) respectively i.e. statistically not significant. Paired t-test was used to examine the changes within same group which shows p value for ROM group A (p= <0.0001) & group B (p= <0.0001) i.e. statistically significant & unpaired t-test was used for the changes between two groups, p value for ROM (p= 0.8990) i.e. statistically not significant. Which shows both the techniques were equally effective. Conclusion The study concluded that manual therapy & kinesiotaping are equally effective on pain, ROM & function in plantar fasciitis.

  20. Effectiveness of kinesiotaping on pregnancy related low back pain – a randomized controlled trial Download Article

    Pankhuri Vairagade, Dr. Nitin NIkhade (PT), Dr. Snehal Ghodey (PT)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (376-380)
    • No of Download = 74

    Abstract

    close

    Background Kinesio Taping is not used as an isolated physiotherapeutic intervention but as an adjunctive treatment to conventional physiotherapy in order reduce pain and disability in patients with low back pain. Aim To determine effectiveness of Kinesio Taping along with conventional physiotherapy in patients with pregnancy related low back pain. Methodology An experimental randomized control study was performed on 40 pregnant women with low back pain. Twenty subjects in the control group were given pelvic tilting exercises and twenty subjects in the experimental group were given Kinesio taping along with pelvic tilting exercises for 5 days. Numeric Rating Scale (NRS) for pain and Roland-Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) for functional disability were recorded pre and post intervention. Results There was highly significant reduction in pain on NRS (P<0.001) and highly significant improvement in RMDQ score (P <0.001) in the experimental group as compared to control group. Conclusion The study concludes that kinesio taping can be used as an adjunctive treatment to achieve effective pain control in pregnancy related low back pain.

  21. Background activity of the amygdalin as antitumor Download Article

    Prasad Meraboina, Saravanan Jaganathan, Dr.N.Sriram, Raju.N, Dr. Vijayakumar Daroji
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (381-385)
    • No of Download = 62

    Abstract

    close

    Cancer is one of the most deadliest disease in the world nearly 10% of world population is suffering with the various types of the cancerous condition as a growth in the science now a day’s scientist has discovered various types of like chemotherapy, radiotherapy, immunotherapy and some other treatment, but in the mid of the 18th century an compound called amyglidn was identified as best treatment for cancer condition to many patients but in the starting of the 20th century it was thought to be not the safest treatment for the cancer so it was banned to use for the patients. Some scientist has scaled the positives and negatives of the amyglidn and concluded that more number of negatives than that of the positives. But there are few supporters for the treatment of the amyglidn to cancer patients.

  22. A study to find the effect of mental imagery training for promoting relearning in post stroke subjects Download Article

    Gayathri. K.C. S.Ben Selvan
    • Article Type: Review Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (386-394)
    • No of Download = 60

    Abstract

    close

    Objectives To find the effect of mental imagery training for promoting relearning in post stroke subjects. Study design Experimental study design. Subjects Subject with post unilateral stroke patient Intervention Giving of mental imagery training for total 3 weeks with 1 hour session each week. Patients trained to perform 3 sets of daily tests and five task in each session. Outcome measures Daily living activities Results Mann Whitney “u” test is used. Conclusion Cortical re organisation and functional improvement can be seen in mental practice.

  23. A case presentation on acute ischemic stroke Download Article

    V.Sangeetha, VP.Lakshmikanth, K.C.Gayathri, Saravanan Jaganathan, Dr. Vijayakumar Daroji
    • Article Type: Case Report
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (395-398)
    • No of Download = 62

    Abstract

    close

    Background information A 52 years old male patient has been admitted in the hospital with the chief complaints of slurred speech, weakness in right extremities and he does have a medical history of hypertension, diabetes mellitus. As the patient is a hypertensive he is on Tab. Telmesartan 40mg and insulin. inj because of the diabetic condition. Patient is not on any kind of the anti-platelets drugs. When subject is admitted into the hospital emergency ward it was found that he is having global aphasia, hemisensory loss and right hemiplegia. Investigations Physical examination, laboratory tests, multimodal brain MRI scan, an echocardiogram, continuous cardiac monitoring. Diagnosis Acute ischemic stroke caused by distal left internal carotid artery occlusion, with salvageable penumbral tissue and a persistent large-vessel occlusion. Treatment Medical management with anti-platelet drugs, HMG-co-a reductase inhibitors and anti-epileptic drugs.

  24. To study effect of modified constraint induced movement therapy on hand function in patients with chronic stroke- case report Download Article

    Meghna Prabhu, Dr. Sumitra Sakhawalkar (PT), Dr. Sayli Paldhikar (PT), Dr. Snehal Ghodey (PT)
    • Article Type: Case Report
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (399-407)
    • No of Download = 53

    Abstract

    close

    Background and aims The following study was conducted to study the effect of modified constraint induced movement therapy on hand function in patients with chronic stroke. Hand function is affected due to weakness, sensory loss, abnormal tone, unilateral neglect. Modified constraint induced movement therapy is known to induce neural plasticity which helps improve functional ability. Methods A descriptive case study was carried out on 2 patients screened from the community and selected through purposive sampling. They were given mCIMT for a duration of 2hrs/ 5 days a week for 3 weeks along with conventional upper limb exs. The unaffected hand was constrained and the affected hand was engaged in functional activities. The patients were also instructed to wear the restraint for 3 hours unsupervised and maintain a log of the activities. MAL and JTHFT were used as pre and post outcome measures. Results For JTHFT, the one-tailed p-value for grip is 0.02 for subject 1 and p<0.006 for subject 2 which is statistically significant at 5% level of significance. The p-value for writing is p<0.03 for subject 1 and p<0.02 for subject 2 which is statistically significant. The p-value for the other components for all subjects is p>0.1 and hence it is not statistically significant. For MAL, The one-tailed p-value calculated for each subject for Motor Activity Log of the Amount scale and Quality of Movement scale is p<0.001 which is very significant.

  25. To find the reference values of arch index in normal females (18 - 25) by footprint method- a survey-based study Download Article

    Dr. Geeta Sahane (BPTH), Dr. Varoon Jaiswal (MPTH), Dr. Snehal Ghodey (Principal)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (408-412)
    • No of Download = 56

    Abstract

    close

    Background Conventional shoes and sandals are built with features which reduce the workload of the foot’s intrinsic muscles, these features potentially interfere with the normal function and development of arch. If shoes weaken the intrinsic muscles, they could increase the likelihood of pes planus. overpronation is linked with a greater risk of injury due to increased rearfoot motion, tibial accommodation and other components of the lower extremity kinematic chain. The arch index is a relationship between central and posterior regions of the footprint. So the current study focuses on an attempt to find the reference value of the arch index of the foot. Purpose of the study To find the reference values of the arch index in normal females using foot print method. Materials and methodology After fulfillment of the inclusion criteria, a total 100 subjects were selected. The ink footprints were taken by equally impregnating the foot with ink in the ink box and requesting the person to put the right foot on to the platform but left a foot out of the platform and asked the person is asked to stand up weight bearing on both the limbs equally and sit down again. Slowly the foot is lifted from the paper. Assessment of outcome measures was simple ink foot print method. Results The results show that statistically, average mean of the sample population (0.58) lies in a normal distributed curve with 69 % of population lying in 1SD from mean and 96% of population lying in 2SD from mean calculated from the Z score referring to the Z score table distribution. Conclusion Based on this study, it was observed that even after excluding flat foot, the value of arch index of some individuals were very low and some individuals were high, it is probably due to the skeletal structure and function of the foot, the footwear you use daily, which we did not objectively measure.

  26. Carica papaya leaf extract: potential therapeutic effects-a review Download Article

    Kamisetti RajaRajeswari, Duggyala Prathibha
    • Article Type: Review Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (413-420)
    • No of Download = 51

    Abstract

    close

    Carica papaya (C. papaya, family Caricarceae, papaya) is one of the most popular and economically important tropical plants in the world. The plant is rich in bioactive secondary metabolites like alkaloids, phenolics, Carbohydrates, terpenoids, phytosterols, glycosides, flavonoids, carotenoids, tannins, saponins. The plant has been used traditionally for many beneficial effects like pyrexia, diabetes, bacterial and fungal infections, hypertension, beri beri, asthma etc. The strong defensive mechanism of the principal constituents of leaves proved anti-inflammatory and immune-modulatory effects. Leaves contain an alkaloid called carpaine and a glucoside named carposide. Research done extensively on C. papaya leaf extract revealed to possess haemopoietic and thrombopoietic activites. Various invittro and in vivo models have been successfully employed to prove the anticancer and anti-dengue effects of C. Papaya. The extract in the form of tablets and syrups is available for the convenient administration. Further more studies are encouraged to be performed on the leaves and leaf extracts for the possible extraction of principal constituents for various therapeutic activities

  27. Immediate effect of mulligan bent leg raise versus neurodynamic sliding on hamstring tightness in non-athletic college students Download Article

    Mukta Barve; Dr.Nitin Nikhade (PT); Dr.Snehal Ghodey (PT)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (421-426)
    • No of Download = 55

    Abstract

    close

    Background Flexibility is important for normal functioning of humans. Hamstring tightness is a common problem in non- athletic young adults. Hamstrings tightness can further lead to back problems and also can cause hamstring strains. Aim To study immediate effects of Mulligan bent leg raise and Neurodynamic sliding on Hamstring tightness in non-athletic college students. Methodology A comparative study between immediate effects of Mulligan bent leg raise and Neurodynamic sliding was performed on 60 college going non-athletic young adults which were randomly divided into two groups (A & B). 30 subjects in group A received Mulligan bent leg raise technique and 30 subjects in Group B received Neurodynamic sliding technique. Hamstrings flexibility was measured of dominant leg at baseline and immediately after the intervention by using 900-900 straight leg raise test. Results In both the groups Mulligan bent leg raise and Neurodynamic sliding had shown increase in 900-900 straight leg raise test. But there was highly significant increase in hamstring flexibility range of motion in Mulligan bent leg raise as compared to Neurodynamic sliding group. Conclusion The study concluded that Mulligan Bent Leg Raise and Neurodynamic Sliding technique both showed immediate decrease in hamstring tightness but Mulligan Bent Leg Raise is more effective than Neurodynamic Sliding on hamstrings flexibility in non-athletic college students.

  28. Evaluation of Quadriceps angle in women with unilateral osteoarthritis of the knee Download Article

    Prachita Walankar, Vrushali Panhale, Anudnya Koli
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (427-431)
    • No of Download = 61

    Abstract

    close

    Background & Aim Osteoarthritis is a progressive musculoskeletal condition leading to disability. Misalignment of knee joint is one of the main predisposing factors for the onset and progression of osteoarthritis. The present study aimed to compare the quadriceps angle between osteoarthritis knee and normal. Methodology A cross-sectional study with purposive sampling method in 84 subjects in the age group of 50 -65 years including 42 women diagnosed with unilateral osteoarthritis knee and 42 healthy women was conducted. Women diagnosed with unilateral osteoarthritis knee on the basis of American College of Rheumatology (ACR) Clinical Classification Criteria for Osteoarthritis of the knee were recruited. Healthy women were age matched controls without any history of pain, trauma or surgeries in both the lower extremities. Quadriceps angle was measured using goniometric method. Results The mean age of the participants in osteoarthritis knee and normal was 55.21 ± 4.32 and 56.45 ± 5.16 years respectively. Comparison of mean values of quadriceps angle between osteoarthritis knee and normal subjects using unpaired t test was statistically significant (p = 0.014) with quadriceps angle higher in osteoarthritis knee group. Also, comparison of mean values of quadriceps angle between affected and unaffected side in osteoarthritis knee subjects using paired t test was statistically significant (p = 0.000) with quadriceps angle higher in affected side of osteoarthritis knee group. Conclusion The results of the present study show that quadriceps angle is greater in osteoarthritis knee patients as compared to healthy individuals.

  29. Isolation and characterisation of cryptolepine from SidaacutaBurm and its antimycobacterial activity Download Article

    Krishnaveni A, Ezhilarasan B, Iyappan A, Abdul HasanSathali A
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (432-441)
    • No of Download = 49

    Abstract

    close

    Background Sida acutais a shrub indigenous to pantropical areas, widely distributed in regions and found in pastures, waste lands, cultivated lands, roadsides, lawns and planted forests. Sidaacuta is ethanomedically used as treatment of diuretic, asthma, fever, headache, cough, cold, ulcer, anthelmintic, snake bite, urinary disease, female disorders, sedative, eczema, kidney stone, elephantiasis, testicular swelling, poultice for dandruff, rheumatic affections, facial paralysis, pulmonary tuberculosis and gonorrheae. Methods Hydro-alcoholic extract of Sidaacuta was chromatographed (Column) to isolate cryptolepine. The isolatetd SA-I was subjected to various spectral studies such as ultraviolet spectroscopy, infrared spectroscopy, nuclear magnetic resonance spectroscopy and mass spectroscopy. The hydro-alcoholic extract of Sidaacuta and isolated SA-I were evaluated for its anti-mycobacterial studies by Luciferase reporter phage assay method using mycobacterial tuberculosis standard strain of H37RV. Results The isolated compound (SA-I) showed the spectral data of cryptolepine. The percentage inhibition of hydro alcoholic extract of Sidaacuta (500 & 1000µg/ml) against mycobacterium tuberculosis showed antimycobacterial effect was found to be 99% in comparison with isoniazid (1ug/ml) 92% and rifampicin (1µg/ml) 96%. Whereas isolated cryptolepine did not any sensitiveness towards mycobacterium tuberculosis.This research indicatecryptolepine did not show any antimycobacterial effect. It specifyantimycobacterial effect of hydro-alcoholic extract of Sidaacuta may be due to the combined nature of cryptolepine with other phytoconstituents. Conclusion The present research draws the conclusion that this Sida acuta plant showed extreme antimycobacterial effect, which may be due to the phytoconstituents.

  30. Evaluation of changes of lungs in asthmatic rats treated with aqueous and non aqueous extract of clerodendrum serratum and theophylline Download Article

    Dr.K.K. Senthil Kumar, M.Sivakumar, S.Kannan, R.Somu
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (442-452)
    • No of Download = 52

    Abstract

    close

    The aim of the present work is help the researchers for the development of an alternative methods rather than inhalers and oral anti asthmatic drugs for the treatment of asthma and COPD which will minimize the complication. Many plants obtained from the natural source play a significant role in the health care system. Literature survey on herbal drugs has shown significant anti asthmatic activity which has not shown any remarkable side effect. The pharmacological mechanism which the phyto constituents producing the anti asthmatic activity are not clearly understood till date. The several herbal formulation have derived from the Ayurveda, traditional system of Indian medicine and its additional system of medicine, yet to be scientifically validated that they have exhibited pharmacological action against Asthmatic. Only less number of scientific data of traditional medicines is available for the treatment of Asthmatic.

  31. Effect of kinesiotaping with conventional therapy on pain, cervical rom and function in myofascial pain syndrome of upper trapezius muscle Download Article

    Pranali Sannake (BPTH), Dr. Archana Bodhale (MPTH) and Dr. Snehal Ghodey (Principal)
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (453-461)
    • No of Download = 50

    Abstract

    close

    Objective To study the effect of Kinesiotaping (KT) with conventional therapy on Pain, Cervical range of motion (CROM), and function for myofascial pain syndrome of upper trapezius muscle. Background Neck pain is one of the frequent musculoskeletal related diseases in all age groups. Myofascial pain syndrome (MPS) is one common cause of neck pain. Effective techniques for short term management of this syndrome can help reduce the associated morbidity. Kinesiotaping is used as such an effective measure in addition to the conventional treatment. Methods 40 patients with MPS were randomly divided in two groups – Control group (conventional treatment) and Experimental group (conventional + KT). The conventional group received moist heat, Myofascial release (MFR) and stretching exercises along with home programme of postural correction and Active cervical range of motion exercises. The experimental group received KT with conventional treatment. Treatment was given on the 1st, 4th and 7th day. Pre and post treatment values of CROM (tape measure), Numerical rating scale (NRS) for pain and Neck disability index (NDI) for function were recorded on every treatment session. Results Within the group analysis proved statistically significant improvement for both the groups for CROM, NDI and NRS (p value < 0.0001). Between the group comparison proved insignificant improvement for NDI & NRS and proved significant for cervical extension range of motion (p = 0.0293). Conclusion Effect of Kinesiotaping is equally effective as conventional treatment in relieving pain and improving cervical range of motion and function for Myofascial pain syndrome of the upper trapezius muscle.

  32. Isolation and Characterisation of Lutein from Commelina benghalensis L. Leaves and its Sun Protection Factor activity Download Article

    A. Krishnaveni, A. Iyappan, B. Ezhilarasan, A. Abdul Hasan Sathali
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (462-475)
    • No of Download = 44

    Abstract

    close

    Back ground Objective To isolate the lutein from Commelinabenghalensis L. and its sun protection factor determination Methods Lutein was isolated by diethyl ether and methanol followed by saponification process. Isolated compound was identified by using UV, NMR and GC-MS spectral analysis. Sun Protection Factor determined by using spectrophotometer. Readings were taken in wavelength ranging from 290 to 320 at 5nm interval and readings were noted down. SPF for isolated lutein can be calculated by applying the formula known as Mansur equation. Results The isolated compound shows absorbance maxima at 470, 444 nm it indicate the presence of lutein. UV, NMR, GC-MS studies confirmed the isolated compound is lutein.The SPF number of lutein 50µg/ml is 1.15 ± 0.43. The SPF number of lutein 100µg/ml is 2.38 ± 0.90. The SPF number of lutein 200µg/ml is 4.75 ± 1.79. SPF value for sunscreen above 2 is considered as having good sunscreen activity. Marketed sunscreen lotion having concentration 200 µg/ml shows SPF value about 0.66±0.006 whereas lutein showed hogh sun protection factor. Conclusion Isolated compound lutein possessing good sun screen activity. Recommendation Herbal formulations can be prepared and evaluated further with other sensitivity tests

  33. Striplings’ acquaintance and allied factors on sexually transmitted infections Download Article

    Prem Kumar, Bogale Chekole, BulchaWendu, Geleta Getahun, Yemiamrew Getachew
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (476-482)
    • No of Download = 42

    Abstract

    close

    Background Some of the public health challenges for adolescents include Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs), RTIs (Reproductive Tract Infections) and the rapidly rising incidence of HIV infections in this age group. In the Ethiopia it is one of the major health problem which affect highly adolescents. So assessing their knowledge or acquaintance about STIs will provide an insight to the reproductive & sexual health needs of adolescents. Objectives To assess the acquaintance and allied factors regarding sexual transmitted disease and associated factors among Alamata preparatory school student striplings, Alamata town, South Tigiray, Ethiopia. Methodology Institutional based cross sectional study was conducted from February 1 to March 2017. Systematic random sampling technique was used to select the sample size of 328. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results Knowledge on STIs, Majority of respondents (93.1%) were known about routes of sexually transmitted infections of transmission. Age, sex, residence and grade level has a significant association with knowledge about sexually transmitted infections. Conclusion Most of the students are aware that using condom decrease sexually transmitted infections even though majority of the students knew as using condom decrease STIs, other students were said I don’t know this shows students still needs awareness creation 82.6% had good knowledge.

  34. Silent but deadly: prevalence of breast problems among female students of secondary school, South Wollo, Ethiopia Download Article

    Prem Kumar, Yemiamrew Getachew, Fasil Walelign Fentaye
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (483-486)
    • No of Download = 45

    Abstract

    close

    Background The growing population in Ethiopia coupled with lifestyle changes will mean an increasing burden of breast problems which are warning signs of cancer. However, oncology services are wholly inadequate-no cancer registry exists, and only one cancer centre, with limited resources struggles to serve the entire country. Early detection means more treatment options and a better chance of recovery. Objective To determine prevalence of breast health problems among female students of selected Secondary School, Ethiopia, 2017. Methodology An Institution based cross sectional study design was employed. Purposive sampling technique was used to select all 809 students. Results The study revealed that the prevalence of breast problems was 4.44% and needs prompt interventions. Conclusion This is an eye opener for further in order to rule out the problems in ahead to prevent the deadly disease like breast cancer.

  35. A Bird View on Time and Motion Study in strengthening the Quality of Clinical Care Download Article

    Fasil Walelign Fentaye, Prem Kumar, Yemiamrew Getachew, Wondwossen Yimam
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (487-490)
    • No of Download = 50

    Abstract

    close

    Time and fiscal disturbances are incapability that at some indicates evident as inferior competence, protection consequences, care eminence concerns, and where time and resources are concerned, serviceability exertions. Getting to the origin reason often necessitates a detailed workflow research and analysis by Time and Motion study. The present inclination for increased competency in all kinds of skilled work has brought about a extensive curiosity in action and time research. The foremost destinations of this kind of research is to help out in ruling the most proficient system of doing employment and to aid in preparation of professionals to appreciate the meaning of time-motion significance, and when the training is carried out with satisfactory meticulousness, to enable them to become capable in enforcing time-motion principles in routine activities in providing and reinforcement the excellence of quantifiable care.

  36. A & A: Attitude and aligned factors on acute stroke management of health professionals working at Hidar 11 hospital, Akesta Download Article

    Prem Kumar, MihretuMamo, Hanan Sultan, Redeat Abebe, Yemiamrew Getachew
    • Article Type: Research Article
    • View Abstract
    • Pages (491-497)
    • No of Download = 41

    Abstract

    close

    Stoke is the leading cause of death among adults, children and pregnant mother as well in Ethiopia. According to the latest WHO data published in may 2014 Stroke Deaths in Ethiopia reached 28,320 or 4.71% of total deaths. The age adjusted Death Rate is 71.94 per 100,000 of population ranks Ethiopia #107 in the world. Objective To assess the socio demographics and attitude towards of clinical expertise on acute stroke management among health professionals from December 2017 to April 2018. Methods Institution based cross sectional study design was employed. Stratified simple random sampling method used to select 102 health professionals. The collected data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics. Results Among total participants 50.98% of the respondents were in the age group between 22-25 years, 59.80% were males and 40.19% female. Amongst participants majority (82.35) were belongs to Amhara ethnicity and least were belongs to Gurage. Forty nine (48.03%) were belongs to orthodox and same (48.03%) with Muslims and 63.72% were married. Of 9.80% were general practitioner, 44.11% & 34.31% nurses & midwives respectively and 11.76 % are other health professionals. Qualification reveals that highest percentage (67.64%) of the respondents from BSc Nursing, 27.45% are diploma holders, 3.92% are completed MD and 1% are others. Of 61.76%) of them with less than 2 years of experience Regarding monthly income of the health professionals more (66.66%) are earning 10000 and above and only 25.9% were participated in similar study. Attitude towards acute stroke management among health professionals difference ad categorized as agree, disagree and undecided with 9 items. It can be over and done with that, mainstream of the health professionals had positive attitude, very less negative and only few were uncertain. Conclusion The present study revealed that majority of health professionals’ are attitude positive and only some of them are negative and a small number of undecided.

Registered and Approved by National Science Library (NSL),National Institute of Science Communication And Information Resources(NISCAIR),
Council of Scientific and Industrial Research,New Delhi, India"