Articles

  1. Low back pain: functional impairments, activity limitations and participation restrictions in farmers Download Article

    Shreevidya Karthik, Deepak Vishwe
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (707-711)
    • No of Download = 56

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    Many studies have demonstrated low back pain to be one of the most frequently reported problems in farmers. But the nature of pain severity, and its affection in their day to day activity and work has not been studied in deatil so far. Method: A community based cross sectional study was conducted on 80 crop farmers with chronic low back pian,in the area of Karjat & Junnar village. A validated questionnaire for work analysis and Marathi version of “Roland Morris disability questionnaire.” were used to identify functional Impairments in farmers with Low Back Pain. Results: 55% of farmers reported having moderate intensity of pain at rest, whereas majority of farmers experienced severe (60%) intensity of pain on activity. In the Roland Morris Questionnaire 89% of the study subjects marked the responses of ‘changing position frequently to try to get my back comfortable, and ‘back is painful almost all of the time’. Conclusion: All the farmer’s low back pain increased in intensity between moderate to severe pain with activity. Majority of the study subjects reported their back to be painful almost all of the time and had to keep changing position frequently to try to get their back comfortable.

  2. A review study on traditional medicine in curing the kidney stones Download Article

    Aditya Sai Rama Krishna. K, Pharm D V Year, R. Ranjith Kumar, Pharm-D-PB(Intern)
    • Article Type: Review Article
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    • Pages (712-715)
    • No of Download = 49

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    The greatest risk factor for kidney stones is making less than one liter of urine per day. Therefore, kidney stones are common in premature infants who have kidney problems. Kidney stones are most likely to occur between the age group of 20 and 40. Different factors can increase a risk of developing a stone in the kidney. Asians are more likely to have kidney stones than African s and Americans. Sex also plays a role, with more men than women developing kidney stones, according to the National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK). A history of kidney stones can increase your risk, as does a family history of kidney stones. Other risk factors include Dehydration, Obesity, High-protein, salt, or glucose diet, hyper parathyroid condition, Gastric bypass surgery, inflammatory bowel diseases that increase calcium absorption taking medications such as diuretics, anti-seizure drugs, and calcium-based antacids.

  3. An update on safety and efficacy of echinocandins in antifungal therapy Download Article

    Maryam Mahmoodan, Bandenawaz Ramadurga
    • Article Type: Review Article
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    • Pages (716-723)
    • No of Download = 25

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    The echinocandins are important and exciting agents because of their novel mechanism of action, low incidence of serious adverse effects, and low potential for drug–drug interactions. In vitro and in vivo, the echinocandins are rapidly fungicidal against most Candida species and fungistatic against Aspergillus species.It is also a treatment option for serious fungal infections. Pharmacokinetic–pharmacodynamic studies in animals have demonstrated superior efficacy, defined as maximal microbial kill, when compared to fluconazole. Anidulafungin exhibits a unique pharmacokinetic profile, and limited cases have shown a potential for activity in isolates with increased minimum inhibitory concentrations to caspofungin and micafungin. Caspofungin appears to have a slightly higher incidence of side effects and potential for drug–drug interactions. Micafungin appears to be very similar to caspofungin, with very few obvious differences between the two agents and also have similar safety and efficacy profile in patients with fungal infections. Adverse events are generally mild, including (for caspofungin) local phlebitis, fever, abnormal liver function tests, and mild haemolysis. Anidulafungin is economical and have dominant efficacy compared with micafungin and caspofungin in patients with candidemia and/or invasive candidiasis. All three echinocandins are generally well-tolerated. Echinocandins provide safe, uncomplicated and highly active therapy for invasive Candida infections with potentially superior efficacy versus fluconazole and better tolerability compared to formulations like amphotericin B, making them the agents of choice for moderate to severely ill patients with invasive candidiasis.

  4. Drug utilization 90% in patients with acute hemorrhagic stroke to assess adherence to standard anti-hypertensive treatment Download Article

    Girase GD, Khairnar AS
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (724-729)
    • No of Download = 31

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    The early management of hypertension in hemorrhagic stroke affects the extent of brain injury and patient suffering’s. This study conducted at civil hospital Nashik, describes antihypertensive treatment in acute hemorrhagic stroke do not adhere to standard treatment, DU 90% not achieved. As in first 30 patients no patients were prescribed with recommended drugs, interim analysis was performed on 16% of sample size. Antihypertensive drugs were prescribed as single drug or in combination, Cap Nifedepin (40%) was most frequently prescribed single drug.. Calcium Channel Blockers were preferred with or without combination with beta-blocker agent; Mean cost per patient treated was 2280₹.

  5. Management of cross bite due to trauma in a primary tooth: a case report Download Article

    Dr. Aakash Sharma, Dr. Nanjunda Swamy K.V, Dr. Sadanand Kulkarni
    • Article Type: Case Report
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    • Pages (730-733)
    • No of Download = 19

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    The present case report describes a traumatic injury in a three year old boy. The purpose of this case report is to emphasize the importance of preserving a primary tooth in a healthy state secondary to trauma. The clinical, radiographic and therapeutic considerations are presented. The outcome of the present case report is to alert the clinician that preserving a primary tooth is a satisfactory method for treating trauma, as it adds in patient’s psychological and physical well being. Moreover it also adds in the parental satisfaction as well.

  6. Added effect of kinesiotaping on pain, range of motion and functional outcome in stage 2 peri arthritis shoulder Download Article

    Taruna Jain, Dr Snehal Ghodey
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (734-740)
    • No of Download = 13

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    Background and Objectives In Frozen Shoulder patients have a painful loss of shoulder motion with development of dense adhesions, capsular thickening and capsular restrictions, especially in the dependent folds of the capsule. Kinesiotaping will provide support to the shoulder joint and proprioceptive stimulation helps in reducing pain by correcting the altered posture and increasing Range of Motion [6]. Pain reduction via gate control theory .incresed blood supply and thus improved nutrition [11]. The aim of the study is to find out the effect of Kinesiotaping with Conventional therapy to reduce pain, improve the shoulder range of motion and function in frozen shoulder. Materials and Method This experimental study was conducted among 30 participants who included both male and female symptomatic individuals from the age group of 40 to 60 years. Participants were randomly assigned into two groups of 15 each which included Conventional therapy (group A) and Kinesiotaping along with conventional therapy (group B) was given for 4 days. The Outcome measures were recorded pre and post 4 day of intervention using universal goniometer for shoulder Range of motion, NRS for pain and Shoulder Pain and Function Disability Scale (SPADI). Result Within group analysis showed that improved pain, range of motion and functional disability was statistically significant in both the groups (p< 0.0001) whereas between group analysis revealed that Conventional treatment along with Kinesiotaping (group B) is more effective than conventional treatment in improving range of motion and function in Frozen shoulder. Conclusion Hence, it can be concluded that Kinesiotaping along with Conventional therapy is more effective in treatment of stage 2 peri arthritis shoulder.

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