Articles

  1. An Experimental Study on Scapulothoracic and Glenohumeral Kinematics following a Rotator Cuff Fatigue Protocol in Tennis Professionals Download Article

    Venkat raj R, Alagappan Thiyagarajan.
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (38-42)
    • No of Download = 258

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    This study aimed to find out the effect of rotator cuff fatigue on humeral head migration during dynamic shoulder external rotation activity (combination of flexion, abduction, external rotation) in tennis players. The purpose for physiotherapist in sports performance enhancement assessment of shoulder kinematics provides a reliable tool for studying kinematics during arm elevation. And also understand the importance of external rotation strengthening on clearing superior glenohumeral joint migration for tennis professionals. A total of 20 men of tennis players without shoulder disorders were recruited in the study. The study was conducted in the Tamilnadu tennis association (TNTA) and Gandhi nagar tennis club (GNC adayar). Pre and post tests were performed. The data was analyzed using SPSS. The experimental group (who received external rotator fatigue protocol) showed significance with (p=0.001) value when compared with the control group. Also, the post-test mean value of the experimental group showed a significant improvement after the protocol. External rotators stretching and strengthening protocol showed significant improvement in functional status of glenohumeral joint than conventional traditional coaching program alone on tennis professionals.

  2. Pharmacovigilance in Dermatology Download Article

    Languluri Reddenna, Tedlla Rama Krishna, Donthu Venu Gopal, Shaik Ayub Basha, Harshavardhan
    • Article Type: Review Article
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    • Pages (43-50)
    • No of Download = 291

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    Pharmacovigilance is the science and activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects or any other possible medicine-related problems. A huge quantity of adult people suffer from undesired side effects to pharmaceutical products at some stage in the way of their lives and can be classified as expected or A-type reactions and unexpected or B type reactions. The skin is a favoured target organ for B-type reactions and these skin reactions occur in 2–3% of hospitalized patients. Morbilliform drug rashes are the generally happening skin reactions to drugs, constituting up to 90% of all reactions, followed by drug induced urticaria, which constitutes about 6%. The Council for International Organization of Medical Sciences (CIOMS) considers as serious ADRs that are lethal or life-threatening, or need prolonged hospitalization or consequence in persistent or considerable disability or incapacity because hospitalization may depend on the socioeconomic status of the patient and on admittance to health care. The centre of attention of this summary is on pattern of cutaneous ADRs. Case evaluation must commence with a precise explanation of the skin lesions. The documentation of cases should be terminated by photographic pictures which can help for the retrospective evaluation of cases by experts. Concluded that, there is a need of active Pharmacovigilance centre with intensive monitoring for drug induced reactions in the dermatology department.

  3. Determination of Nephroprotective Activity of Ethanolic Leaf Extract of Moringa pterygosperma on Paracetamol induced Nephrotoxic Rats Download Article

    Lakshmana.G,Rajesh kumar.D, Ashok Reddy.P, Anil Kumar.M, Kiran Kumar,M, Divya Vani.Ch, Divya.Ch, Ram Sarath Kumar.B
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (51-61)
    • No of Download = 498

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    The present study was undertaken to investigate the nephro protective effect of ethanolic leaf extract of Moringa Pterygosperma against paracetamol induced nephrotoxicity in rats. The study is carried out by using five groups of rats. Furosemide was taken as standard drug. The parameters estimated are RBC content, haemoglobin content, urea and creatinine levels. The extract showed nephro-protective activity by significantly reducing the levels of blood urea, serum creatinine, increasing the red blood cell count and haemoglobin content(P<0.01).

  4. Antioxidant activity of Hedera helix L. extracts and the main Phytoconstituents Download Article

    Khaled Nabih Zaki Rashed
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (62-64)
    • No of Download = 437

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    The present study was carried out to evaluate antioxidant activity of Hedera helix stems extracts and also to investigate the main phyto constituents in the bio-active extract. N-hexane, dichloromethane, ethyl acetate and methanol 80% extract were tested for free radical scavenging activity on model reaction with stable 2,2-diphenyl-1-picrylhydrazyl radical (DPPH). The results showed that ethyl acetate was the most active one as antioxidant agent and phytochemical analysis of that extract revealed the presence of triterpenes, saponins, flavonoids, tannins and carbohydrates. The results suggest new chemical classes of natural antioxidant substances that could serve as selective agents for infectious diseases.

  5. Complementary and alternative approaches to pain relief during labor Download Article

    *Angel Rajakumari.G, Sriram N, Soli.T.K
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (65-69)
    • No of Download = 548

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    Complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) practitioners believe in the involvement of body, mind, and spirit to stay healthy and to heal and to reduce pain. They also firmly believe that pregnancy and delivery are not medical conditions, and shouldn’t be treated as though they were. But CAM practitioners are not alone in their philosophy more and more traditional physicians are hopping on board the CAM bandwagon, too. Many recommend CAM techniques to their patients — either as an alternative to pain medication, or as a relaxing supplement to it. Even if you’re sure that there’s an epidural with your name on it waiting at the hospital or birthing center, you’d be wise to explore the world of CAM, too. (And to explore it well before your due date, since many of the techniques take practice or even classes to perfect.) But remember to go only to CAM practitioners who are licensed and certified, not to mention have plenty of experience with pregnancy, labor, and delivery.

  6. Hypertension in pregnancy: A case discussion Download Article

    *Angel Rajakumari.G, Sunitha M, Soli.T.K
    • Article Type: Review Article
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    • Pages (70-72)
    • No of Download = 187

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    Gestational hypertension and preeclampsia are common disorders during pregnancy, with the majority of cases developing at or near term. The development of mild hypertension or preeclampsia at or near term is associated with minimal maternal and neonatal morbidities. In contrast, the onset of severe gestational hypertension and/or severe preeclampsia before 35 weeks’ gestation is associated with significant maternal and perinatal complications. Women with diagnosed gestational hypertension– preeclampsia require close evaluation of maternal and fetal conditions for the duration of pregnancy, and those with severe disease should be managed in-hospital. The decision between delivery and expectant management depends on fetal gestational age, fetal status, and severity of maternal condition at time of evaluation. Expectant management is possible in a select group of women with severe preeclampsia before 32 weeks’ gestation. Steroids are effective in reducing neonatal mortality and morbidity when administered to those with severe disease between 24 and 34 weeks’ gestation. Magnesium sulfate should be used during labor and for at least 24 hours postpartum to prevent seizures in all women with severe disease. There is an urgent need to conduct randomized trials to determine the efficacy and safety of antihypertensive drugs in women with mild hypertension–preeclampsia. There is also a need to conduct a randomized trial to determine the benefits and risks of magnesium sulfate during labor and postpartum in women with mild preeclampsia.

  7. A study to assess the information of communication on Knowledge regarding hazards of mobile Phone uses and prevention among Adolescents Download Article

    *Angel Rajakumari.G, Dr. Sunitha M, Soli.T.K
    • Article Type: Review Article
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    • Pages (73-77)
    • No of Download = 301

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    Aim To evaluate the effectiveness of knowledge and attitude on hazards of mobile phone uses and prevention among nursing adolescents Participants and setting The objective of the study was to evaluate the effectiveness of education knowledge and attitude on hazards of mobile phone uses and prevention among adolescents. Descriptive design was adopted and the study was conducted in suryapet.50 adolescents who fulfilled the inclusion criteria were selected by using non-probability convenient sampling technique. Intervention Data was collected regarding demographic variable, knowledge and attitude of the adolescents on hazards of mobile phone uses and prevention. The investigator assessed the level of knowledge and attitude of the adolescents by using structured questionnaire and modified three point Likert Scale and by using checklist through one to one teaching by lecture, demonstration, video clippings and verbalization. Structured teaching programme was conducted on the same day on group wise each group consists of 10 members. Data collection was done in Telugu and English the questionnaire was distributed to each adolescents. At the end of the teaching the doubts were cleared. Then 10 minutes was allotted for discussion. Measurement and findings The study revealed that 72% of adolescents had good knowledge and 22% had average knowledge. It was found that majority (80%) of adolescents had positive attitude and 14% had negative attitude towards hazards of mobile phones. The effectiveness of programme showed high level of significant at p<0.001 level. It showed that structured teaching programme was an effective method to improve the knowledge and attitude there by the avoiding phone usage. Conclusion Adolescents tend to adopt negative attitude towards hazards of mobile phones only after they have good knowledge regarding hazards of mobile phone uses and prevention. On the basis of the results of the present study, it may be suggested that youth should be aware regarding the complications and consequences of mobile phone usage.

  8. PHYTOCHEMICAL AND ACUTE TOXICITY STUDY OF LEAVES OF ARTOCARPUS HETEROPHYLLUS LAM Download Article

    Chiranjib Bhattacharjee and Amitsankar Dutta
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (78-81)
    • No of Download = 467

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    Artocarpus heterophyllus Lam commonly known as jack fruit widely distributed in north east India, West Bengal and south Karnataka. In the present study intended with various phytochemical screening and toxicity studies were carried out on the leaves of Artocarpus Heterophyllus. The phytochemical study shows the presences of flavonoids, tannins, saponins and carbohydrates in methanolic and aqueous extracts. In acute toxicity study both the extract were found safe on a dose of 2000 mg/Kg.

  9. A study to assess the effectiveness of paced breathing versus back massage for labour pain among antenatal mothers during labour process Download Article

    Dr. P. Kavitha
    • Article Type: Research Article
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    • Pages (82-88)
    • No of Download = 31

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    Introduction Labour pain is unique and induces a type of acute pain. Pain associated with labour was accepted as a necessary part of child birth. The concept of painless childbirth gave rise to many scientific discoveries and researches. As a result, different non-pharmacologic techniques were tried out to relieve labour pain. There are a number of non-pharmacological methods which can help women to relax during contractions. The breathing techniques, massage, simple back rubbing and positioning are also widely used as an active way of handling the discomfort during labour. Aim The aim of the study is to determine the effectiveness of paced breathing and back massage in labor pain management. The following objectives were set for the study To assess the demographic variables of the antenatal mothers. To determine the effectiveness of paced breathing in Group I. To determine the effectiveness of back massage in Group II. To compare the effectiveness of paced breathing with back massage. Methodology The conceptual frame work of the study was based on the Wiedenbach’s prescriptive theory. The study made use of quasi experimental design with 2 groups. Purposive sampling method was used to select the samples. The total number of samples was 200 in which 100 samples for each group for the study. The first obtained 100 samples were allotted for group I and the second obtained 100 samples were allotted for group II. The tool used in this study was visual analogue scale for pain assessment. The paced breathing was implied for Group I and back massage was implied for Group II for one hour each. The level of pain was assessed by using visual analogue scale for both group I and group II respectively. The gathered data was analyzed by using descriptive and inferential statistics. The results of the study were There was significant difference between pre assessment and post assessment level of pain (‘t’value=16.066) in Group I. There was significant difference between pre assessment and post assessment level of pain (‘t’value=12.961) in Group II. There was no major difference between post assessment level of pain in Group I and Group II. The post assessment mean score of pain in Group II (3.58) was lower than the post assessment mean score of pain in Group I (3.78), the independent ‘t’ value was 0.5. Conclusion Labour pain is the natural process among the labouring mothers. It is the responsibility of the nurse to reduce the level of pain as much as possible by various nonpharmacological measures. In this aspect, measures like paced breathing and back massage have proven to be one of the effective nonpharmacological measures. So the investigator recommends that the nurse can use these measures in the labour ward.

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